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Uranium Dioxide – Material Table – Applications – Price

About Uranium Dioxide

Uranium dioxide is a ceramic refractory uranium compound, in many cases used as a nuclear fuel. Most of LWRs use the uranium fuel, which is in the form of uranium dioxide (chemically UO2). Uranium dioxide is a black semiconducting solid with very low thermal conductivity. On the other hand the uranium dioxide has very high melting point and has well known behavior. Uranium dioxide has significantly lower density than uranium in the metal form. Uranium dioxide has a density of 10.97 g/cm3, but this value may vary with fuel burnup, because at low burnup densification of pellets can occurs and at higher burnup swelling occurs.

uranium dioxide properties density strength price


Name Uranium Dioxide
Phase at STP solid
Density 10970 kg/m3
Ultimate Tensile Strength N/A
Yield Strength N/A
Young’s Modulus of Elasticity N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A
Melting Point 2847 °C
Thermal Conductivity 8.68 W/mK
Heat Capacity 235 J/g K
Price 60 $/kg

Composition of Uranium Dioxide

The UO2 is pressed into pellets, these pellets are then sintered into the solid cylinder (with a height, and diameter of about 1 centimeter, the height being greater than the diameter).

88%Uranium in Periodic Table

12%Oxygen in Periodic Table

Applications of Uranium Dioxide

Uranium Dioxide - Material Table - Applications - Price
Source: wikipedia.org License: CC-BY SA 3.0

Most of PWRs use the uranium fuel, which is in the form of uranium dioxide.

Thermal Properties of Uranium Dioxide

Uranium Dioxide – Melting Point

Melting point of Uranium Dioxide is 2847 °C.

Note that, these points are associated with the standard atmospheric pressure. In general, melting is a phase change of a substance from the solid to the liquid phase. The melting point of a substance is the temperature at which this phase change occurs. The melting point also defines a condition in which the solid and liquid can exist in equilibrium. For various chemical compounds and alloys, it is difficult to define the melting point, since they are usually a mixture of various chemical elements.

Uranium Dioxide – Thermal Conductivity

Thermal conductivity of Uranium Dioxide is 8.68 W/(m·K).

The heat transfer characteristics of a solid material are measured by a property called the thermal conductivity, k (or λ), measured in W/m.K. It is a measure of a substance’s ability to transfer heat through a material by conduction. Note that Fourier’s law applies for all matter, regardless of its state (solid, liquid, or gas), therefore, it is also defined for liquids and gases.

The thermal conductivity of most liquids and solids varies with temperature. For vapors, it also depends upon pressure. In general:

thermal conductivity - definition

Most materials are very nearly homogeneous, therefore we can usually write k = k (T). Similar definitions are associated with thermal conductivities in the y- and z-directions (ky, kz), but for an isotropic material the thermal conductivity is independent of the direction of transfer, kx = ky = kz = k.

Uranium Dioxide – Specific Heat

Specific heat of Uranium Dioxide is 235 J/g K.

Specific heat, or specific heat capacity, is a property related to internal energy that is very important in thermodynamics. The intensive properties cv and cp are defined for pure, simple compressible substances as partial derivatives of the internal energy u(T, v) and enthalpy h(T, p), respectively:

where the subscripts v and p denote the variables held fixed during differentiation. The properties cv and cp are referred to as specific heats (or heat capacities) because under certain special conditions they relate the temperature change of a system to the amount of energy added by heat transfer. Their SI units are J/kg K or J/mol K.

Melting Point of Materials

Material Table - Melting Point

Thermal Conductivity of Materials

Material Table - Thermal Conductivity

Heat Capacity of Materials

Material Table - Heat Capacity

Strength of Materials

Material Table - Strength of Materials

Elasticity of Materials

Material Table - Elasticity of Materials

Hardness of Materials

Material Table - Hardness of Materials  

Properties and prices of other materials