Friction welding is a form of solid state welding where the heat is obtained from the mechanically induced sliding motion between the parts to be welded. In solid state welding the joint is produced by the application o f pressure without significant melting any of the work parts. Because no melting occurs, friction welding is not a fusion welding process in the traditional sense. The weld parts are held together under pressure. Generally, the frictional heat is generated by rotating one part against the other. When certain temperature is reached, the rotational motion is seized and the pressure applied welds the parts together. The bonding process is based either on deformation or on diffusion and limited deformation, so that atomic movement (diffusion) creates new bonds between atoms of two surfaces. The time required to generate friction welds is measured in seconds.
Friction Welding – Advantages and Disadvantages
The combination of fast joining times (on the order of a few seconds) and direct heat input at the weld interface yields relatively small heat-affected zones. If automatic loading and unloading devices are installed, the machines are completely automatic. Shielding gas, flux, and filler metal need not be used. This process successfully joins a wide range of similar materials as well as a number of dissimilar metals, including aluminum to steel. This is particularly useful in aerospace, where it is used to join lightweight aluminum stock to high-strength steels.
On the other hand, the work piece has its dimensional limitations. FRW is restricted mostly for round bars with similar cross-section, pieces of other forms are still possible to wield but it is much harder. Friction welding usually uses specific rotary machine, which needs higher capital costs.
We hope, this article, Friction Welding, helps you. If so, give us a like in the sidebar. Main purpose of this website is to help the public to learn some interesting and important information about materials and their properties.