Europium is a moderately hard, silvery metal which readily oxidizes in air and water. Being a typical member of the lanthanide series, europium usually assumes the oxidation state +3. Europium is one of the least abundant elements in the universe. Only about 5×10−8% of all matter in the universe is europium.
Europium – Specific Heat, Latent Heat of Fusion, Latent Heat of Vaporization
Specific heat of Europium is 0.18 J/g K.
Heat capacity is an extensive property of matter, meaning it is proportional to the size of the system. Heat capacity C has the unit of energy per degree or energy per kelvin. When expressing the same phenomenon as an intensive property, the heat capacity is divided by the amount of substance, mass, or volume, thus the quantity is independent of the size or extent of the sample.
Latent Heat of Fusion of Europium is 9.21 kJ/mol.
Latent Heat of Vaporization of Europium is 143.5 kJ/mol.
Latent heat is the amount of heat added to or removed from a substance to produce a change in phase. This energy breaks down the intermolecular attractive forces, and also must provide the energy necessary to expand the gas (the pΔV work). When latent heat is added, no temperature change occurs. The enthalpy of vaporization is a function of the pressure at which that transformation takes place.
See also: Mechanical Properties of Europium
|Specific Heat||0.18 J/g K|
|Heat of Fusion||9.21 kJ/mol|
|Heat of Vaporization||143.5 kJ/mol|
Properties of other elements