Specific Heat Capacity of Chemical Elements

Periodic Table of Elements - heat capacity
1
H

Hydrogen

14.304 J/g K

2
He

Helium

5.193 J/g K

3
Li

Lithium

3.6 J/g K

4
Be

Beryllium

1.82 J/g K

5
B

Boron

1.02 J/g K

6
C

Carbon

0.71 J/g K

7
N

Nitrogen

1.04 J/g K

8
O

Oxygen

0.92 J/g K

9
F

Fluorine

0.82 J/g K

10
Ne

Neon

0.904 J/g K

11
Na

Sodium

1.23 J/g K

12
Mg

Magnesium

1.02 J/g K

13
Al

Aluminium

0.9 J/g K

14
Si

Silicon

0.71 J/g K

15
P

Phosphorus

0.77 J/g K

16
S

Sulfur

0.71 J/g K

17
Cl

Chlorine

0.48 J/g K

18
Ar

Argon

0.52 J/g K

19
K

Potassium

0.75 J/g K

20
Ca

Calcium

0.63 J/g K

21
Sc

Scandium

0.6 J/g K

22
Ti

Titanium

0.52 J/g K

23
V

Vanadium

0.49 J/g K

24
Cr

Chromium

0.45 J/g K

25
Mn

Manganese

0.48 J/g K

26
Fe

Iron

0.44 J/g K

27
Co

Cobalt

0.42 J/g K

28
Ni

Nickel

0.44 J/g K

29
Cu

Copper

0.38 J/g K

30
Zn

Zinc

0.39 J/g K

31
Ga

Gallium

0.37 J/g K

32
Ge

Germanium

0.32 J/g K

33
As

Arsenic

0.33 J/g K

34
Se

Selenium

0.32 J/g K

35
Br

Bromine

0.473 J/g K

36
Kr

Krypton

0.248 J/g K

37
Rb

Rubidium

0.363 J/g K

38
Sr

Strontium

0.3 J/g K

39
Y

Yttrium

0.3 J/g K

40
Zr

Zirconium

0.27 J/g K

41
Nb

Niobium

0.26 J/g K

42
Mo

Molybdenum

0.25 J/g K

43
Tc

Technetium

0.21 J/g K

44
Ru

Ruthenium

0.238 J/g K

45
Rh

Rhodium

0.242 J/g K

46
Pd

Palladium

0.24 J/g K

47
Ag

Silver

0.235 J/g K

48
Cd

Cadmium

0.23 J/g K

49
In

Indium

0.23 J/g K

50
Sn

Tin

0.227 J/g K

51
Sb

Antimony

0.21 J/g K

52
Te

Tellurium

0.2 J/g K

53
I

Iodine

0.214 J/g K

54
Xe

Xenon

0.158 J/g K

55
Cs

Caesium

0.24 J/g K

56
Ba

Barium

0.204 J/g K

57-71

 

Lanthanoids

 

72
Hf

Hafnium

0.14 J/g K

73
Ta

Tantalum

0.14 J/g K

74
W

Tungsten

0.13 J/g K

75
Re

Rhenium

0.13 J/g K

76
Os

Osmium

0.13 J/g K

77
Ir

Iridium

0.13 J/g K

78
Pt

Platinum

0.13 J/g K

79
Au

Gold

0.128 J/g K

80
Hg

Mercury

0.139 J/g K

81
Tl

Thallium

0.13 J/g K

82
Pb

Lead

0.13 J/g K

83
Bi

Bismuth

0.12 J/g K

84
Po

Polonium

0.12 J/g K

85
At

Astatine

 

86
Rn

Radon

0.09 J/g K

87
Fr

Francium

 

88
Ra

Radium

0.12 J/g K

89-103

 

Actinoids

 

104
Rf

Rutherfordium

 

105
Db

Dubnium

 

106
Sg

Seaborgium

 

107
Bh

Bohrium

 

108
Hs

Hassium

 

109
Mt

Meitnerium

 

110
Ds

Darmstadtium

 

111
Rg

Roentgenium

 

112
Cn

Copernicium

 

113
Nh

Nihonium

 

114
Fl

Flerovium

 

115
Mc

Moscovium

 

116
Lv

Livermorium

 

117
Ts

Tennessine

 

118
Og

Oganesson

 

57
La

Lanthanum

0.19 J/g K

58
Ce

Cerium

0.19 J/g K

59
Pr

Praseodymium

0.19 J/g K

60
Nd

Neodymium

0.19 J/g K

61
Pm

Promethium

0.18 J/g K

62
Sm

Samarium

0.2 J/g K

63
Eu

Europium

0.18 J/g K

64
Gd

Gadolinium

0.23 J/g K

65
Tb

Terbium

0.18 J/g K

66
Dy

Dysprosium

0.17 J/g K

67
Ho

Holmium

0.16 J/g K

68
Er

Erbium

0.17 J/g K

69
Tm

Thulium

0.16 J/g K

70
Yb

Ytterbium

0.15 J/g K

71
Lu

Lutetium

0.15 J/g K

89
Ac

Actinium

 

90
Th

Thorium

0.12 J/g K

91
Pa

Protactinium

0.12 J/g K

92
U

Uranium

0.12 J/g K

93
Np

Neptunium

0.12 J/g K

94
Pu

Plutonium

0.13 J/g K

95
Am

Americium

0.11 J/g K

96
Cm

Curium

 

97
Bk

Berkelium

 

98
Cf

Californium

 

99
Es

Einsteinium

 

100
Fm

Fermium

 

101
Md

Mendelevium

 

102
No

Nobelium

 

103
Lr

Lawrencium

 

Specific Heat Capacity of Chemical Elements

Specific heat, or specific heat capacity, is a property related to internal energy that is very important in thermodynamics. The intensive properties cv and cp are defined for pure, simple compressible substances as partial derivatives of the internal energy u(T, v) and enthalpy h(T, p), respectively:

Table of specific heat capacitieswhere the subscripts v and p denote the variables held fixed during differentiation. The properties cv and cp are referred to as specific heats (or heat capacities) because under certain special conditions they relate the temperature change of a system to the amount of energy added by heat transfer. Their SI units are J/kg K or J/mol K.

Different substances are affected to different magnitudes by the addition of heat. When a given amount of heat is added to different substances, their temperatures increase by different amounts.

Heat capacity is an extensive property of matter, meaning it is proportional to the size of the system. Heat capacity C has the unit of energy per degree or energy per kelvin. When expressing the same phenomenon as an intensive property, the heat capacity is divided by the amount of substance, mass, or volume, thus the quantity is independent of the size or extent of the sample.

specific-heat-chemical-elements-chart

Properties of other elements