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Manganese and Copper – Comparison – Properties

This article contains comparison of key thermal and atomic properties of manganese and copper, two comparable chemical elements from the periodic table. It also contains basic descriptions and applications of both elements. Manganese vs Copper.

manganese and copper - comparison

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Manganese and Copper – About Elements


Manganese is a metal with important industrial metal alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.


Copper is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a reddish-orange color. Copper is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as sterling silver used in jewelry, cupronickel used to make marine hardware and coins, and constantan used in strain gauges and thermocouples for temperature measurement.

Manganese in Periodic Table

Copper in Periodic Table

Source: www.luciteria.com

Manganese and Copper – Applications


Manganese is an important alloying agent. Almost 90% of the manganese produced annually is used in the production of steel. In steels, manganese improves the rolling and forging qualities, as well as strength, toughness, stiffness, wear resistance, hardness and hardenability. The second largest application for manganese is in aluminium alloys. Aluminium with roughly 1.5% manganese has increased resistance to corrosion through grains that absorb impurities which would lead to galvanic corrosion. Manganese can be formed into many useful compounds. For example, manganese oxide, which can be used in fertilizers and ceramics.


Historically, alloying copper with another metal, for example tin to make bronze, was first practiced about 4000 years after the discovery of copper smelting, and about 2000 years after “natural bronze” had come into general use. An ancient civilization is defined to be in the Bronze Age either by producing bronze by smelting its own copper and alloying with tin, arsenic, or other metals. The major applications of copper are electrical wire (60%), roofing and plumbing (20%), and industrial machinery (15%). Copper is used mostly as a pure metal, but when greater hardness is required, it is put into such alloys as brass and bronze (5% of total use). Copper and copper-based alloys including brasses (Cu-Zn) and bronzes (Cu-Sn) are widely used in different industrial and societal applications. Some of the common uses for brass alloys include costume jewelry, locks, hinges, gears, bearings, ammunition casings, automotive radiators, musical instruments, electronic packaging, and coins. Bronze, or bronze-like alloys and mixtures, were used for coins over a longer period. is still widely used today for springs, bearings, bushings, automobile transmission pilot bearings, and similar fittings, and is particularly common in the bearings of small electric motors. Brass and bronze are common engineering materials in modern architecture and primarily used for roofing and facade cladding due to their visual appearance.

Manganese and Copper – Comparison in Table

Element Manganese Copper
Density 7.47 g/cm3 8.92 g/cm3
Ultimate Tensile Strength 650 MPa 120 MPa
Yield Strength 230 MPa 33 MPa
Young’s Modulus of Elasticity 198 GPa 120 GPa
Mohs Scale 6 3
Brinell Hardness 200 MPa 250 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A 350 MPa
Melting Point 1246 °C 1084.62 °C
Boiling Point 2061 °C 2562 °C
Thermal Conductivity 7.82 W/mK 401 W/mK
Thermal Expansion Coefficient 21.7 µm/mK 16.5 µm/mK
Specific Heat 0.48 J/g K 0.38 J/g K
Heat of Fusion 12.05 kJ/mol 13.05 kJ/mol
Heat of Vaporization 266 kJ/mol 300.3 kJ/mol