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Gasoline – Material Table – Applications – Price

About Gasoline

Gasoline, or petrol is a clear petroleum-derived flammable liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in most spark-ignited internal combustion engines. Currently, the main source of fuel for road vehicles is petroleum oil. Oil is a naturally occurring, fossil liquid comprising a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights together with various other organic compounds. These components are separated by fractional distillation in an oil refinery in order to produce gasoline, diesel fuel, kerosene and other products.

gasoline properties density strength price


Name Gasoline
Phase at STP liguid
Density 755 kg/m3
Ultimate Tensile Strength N/A
Yield Strength N/A
Young’s Modulus of Elasticity N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A
Melting Point N/A
Thermal Conductivity 0.16 W/mK
Heat Capacity 2200 J/g K
Price 1.5 $/kg

Composition of Gasoline

Gasoline, or petroleum spirit (petrol), is a complex mixture consisting of mainly aliphatic hydrocarbons [C5-C13 n-alkanes (17.7%) and C4-C13 branched alkanes (32%), C6-C8 cycloalkanes (5%), C6 olefins (1.8%), aromatics (benzene, toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene, C3-benzenes, C4-benzenes (30.5%)] and other possible components such as octane enhancers (MTBE, TBA, ethanol, methanol), antioxidants, metal deactivators, ignition controllers, icing inhibitors, detergents and corrosion inhibitors.

84%Carbon in Periodic Table

16%Hydrogen in Periodic Table

Applications of Gasoline

Gasoline - Material Table - Applications - Price
Source: wikipedia.org License: CC-BY SA 3.0

Gasoline is used primarily as a fuel in most spark-ignited internal combustion engines. The usage and pricing of gasoline (or petrol) results from factors such as crude oil prices, processing and distribution costs, local demand, the strength of local currencies, local taxation, and the availability of local sources of gasoline (supply). Since fuels are traded worldwide, the trade prices are similar. The price paid by consumers largely reflects national pricing policy. Some regions, such as Europe and Japan, impose high taxes on gasoline (petrol); others, such as Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, subsidize the cost.

Strength of Materials

Material Table - Strength of Materials

Elasticity of Materials

Material Table - Elasticity of Materials

Hardness of Materials

Material Table - Hardness of Materials  

Thermal Properties of Gasoline

Gasoline – Melting Point

Melting point of Gasoline is N/A.

Note that, these points are associated with the standard atmospheric pressure. In general, melting is a phase change of a substance from the solid to the liquid phase. The melting point of a substance is the temperature at which this phase change occurs. The melting point also defines a condition in which the solid and liquid can exist in equilibrium. For various chemical compounds and alloys, it is difficult to define the melting point, since they are usually a mixture of various chemical elements.

Gasoline – Thermal Conductivity

Thermal conductivity of Gasoline is 0.16 W/(m·K).

The heat transfer characteristics of a solid material are measured by a property called the thermal conductivity, k (or λ), measured in W/m.K. It is a measure of a substance’s ability to transfer heat through a material by conduction. Note that Fourier’s law applies for all matter, regardless of its state (solid, liquid, or gas), therefore, it is also defined for liquids and gases.

The thermal conductivity of most liquids and solids varies with temperature. For vapors, it also depends upon pressure. In general:

thermal conductivity - definition

Most materials are very nearly homogeneous, therefore we can usually write k = k (T). Similar definitions are associated with thermal conductivities in the y- and z-directions (ky, kz), but for an isotropic material the thermal conductivity is independent of the direction of transfer, kx = ky = kz = k.

Gasoline – Specific Heat

Specific heat of Gasoline is 2200 J/g K.

Specific heat, or specific heat capacity, is a property related to internal energy that is very important in thermodynamics. The intensive properties cv and cp are defined for pure, simple compressible substances as partial derivatives of the internal energy u(T, v) and enthalpy h(T, p), respectively:

where the subscripts v and p denote the variables held fixed during differentiation. The properties cv and cp are referred to as specific heats (or heat capacities) because under certain special conditions they relate the temperature change of a system to the amount of energy added by heat transfer. Their SI units are J/kg K or J/mol K.

Melting Point of Materials

Material Table - Melting Point

Thermal Conductivity of Materials

Material Table - Thermal Conductivity

Heat Capacity of Materials

Material Table - Heat Capacity

Properties and prices of other materials