Specific Heat Capacity of Materials

This table summarizes heat capacities of the most common materials you may encounter in your life. Explore the world of materials, compare materials with each other and also try to explore other properties as well.
Material Table - Heat Capacity
Water

——

4200 J/kg.K

Air

——

1006 J/kg.K

Ice

——

2040 J/kg.K

Glass

——

840 J/kg.K

Boron carbide

——

1000 J/kg.K

Graphite

——

720 J/kg.K

Carbon fiber

——

800 J/kg.K

Polyethylene

——

1550 J/kg.K

Polypropylene

——

1700 J/kg.K

Carbon dioxide

——

840 J/kg.K

Brick

——

800 J/kg.K

Porcelain

——

1050 J/kg.K

Tungsten carbide

——

292 J/kg.K

Diamond

——

509 J/kg.K

Graphene

——

N/A

PET

——

1250 J/kg.K

Polycarbonate

——

1200 J/kg.K

Carbon monoxide

——

1040 J/kg.K

Sand

——

830 J/kg.K

Limestone

——

840 J/kg.K

Elektron 21

——

900 J/kg.K

Duralumin

——

900 J/kg.K

Zirconium-tin alloy

——

285 J/kg.K

Austenitic stainless steel

——

500 J/kg.K

Mild steel

——

510 J/kg.K

Gray iron

——

460 J/kg.K

TZM alloy

——

305 J/kg.K

Inconel

——

460 J/kg.K

ETP

——

380 J/kg.K

Cupronickel

——

400 J/kg.K

Zamak 3

——

420 J/kg.K

Ruby

——

750 J/kg.K

Uranium dioxide

——

235 J/kg.K

Polystyrene

——

1100 J/kg.K

Polyvinyl chloride

——

880 J/kg.K

Nitrous oxide

——

880 J/kg.K

Concrete

——

1050 J/kg.K

Granite

——

790 J/kg.K

Pure titanium

——

520 J/kg.K

6061 alloy

——

896 J/kg.K

Zirconium-niobium alloy

——

285 J/kg.K

Martensitic stainless steel

——

460 J/kg.K

High-carbon steel

——

490 J/kg.K

White iron

——

540 J/kg.K

Mo-25 Re alloy

——

220 J/kg.K

Hastelloy

——

420 J/kg.K

Brass

——

380 J/kg.K

Aluminium bronze

——

380 J/kg.K

Soft tin solder

——

167 J/kg.K

Salt

——

880 J/kg.K

Kevlar

——

1420 J/kg.K

Polyamide-Nylon

——

1500 J/kg.K

Rubber

——

1300 J/kg.K

Methan

——

2200 J/kg.K

Stone wool

——

700 J/kg.K

Quartz

——

741 J/kg.K

Ti-6Al-4V

——

560 J/kg.K

7068 alloy

——

1050 J/kg.K

Chromoly steel

——

477 J/kg.K

Duplex stainless steel

——

460 J/kg.K

Tool steel

——

465 J/kg.K

Ductile iron

——

460 J/kg.K

Tungsten-rhenium alloy

——

140 J/kg.K

Stellite

——

423 J/kg.K

Bronze

——

435 J/kg.K

Beryllium copper

——

420 J/kg.K

Amalgam

——

210 J/kg.K

Sugar

——

1244 J/kg.K

Wax

——

2200 J/kg.K

Coal

——

1380 J/kg.K

Asphalt concrete

——

900 J/kg.K

Propane

——

1630 J/kg.K

Glass wool

——

840 J/kg.K

Aerogel

——

1900 J/kg.K

Rose gold

——

230 J/kg.K

Yellow gold

——

200 J/kg.K

White gold

——

220 J/kg.K

PH stainless steel

——

460 J/kg.K

High-speed steel

——

470 J/kg.K

Malleable iron

——

465 J/kg.K

Pure tungsten

——

130 J/kg.K

Invar

——

505 J/kg.K

Constantan

——

390 J/kg.K

Nickel silver

——

377 J/kg.K

Galistan

——

296 J/kg.K

Oak wood

——

2000 J/kg.K

Pine wood

——

2300 J/kg.K

Gasoline

——

2200 J/kg.K

Diesel fuel

——

2100 J/kg.K

Acetylene

——

1674 J/kg.K

Specific Heat Capacity of Materials

Specific heat, or specific heat capacity, is a property related to internal energy that is very important in thermodynamics. The intensive properties cv and cp are defined for pure, simple compressible substances as partial derivatives of the internal energy u(T, v) and enthalpy h(T, p), respectively:

Table of specific heat capacitieswhere the subscripts v and p denote the variables held fixed during differentiation. The properties cv and cp are referred to as specific heats (or heat capacities) because under certain special conditions they relate the temperature change of a system to the amount of energy added by heat transfer. Their SI units are J/kg K or J/mol K.

Different substances are affected to different magnitudes by the addition of heat. When a given amount of heat is added to different substances, their temperatures increase by different amounts.

Heat capacity is an extensive property of matter, meaning it is proportional to the size of the system. Heat capacity C has the unit of energy per degree or energy per kelvin. When expressing the same phenomenon as an intensive property, the heat capacity is divided by the amount of substance, mass, or volume, thus the quantity is independent of the size or extent of the sample.

specific-heat-chemical-elements-chart