This article contains comparison of key thermal and atomic properties of lithium and sulfur, two comparable chemical elements from the periodic table. It also contains basic descriptions and applications of both elements. Lithium vs Sulfur.
Lithium and Sulfur – About Elements
Lithium and Sulfur – Applications
Lithium has many applications, from lubricating grease, alloying additions in particular for aluminium and magnesium alloys, to glazes for ceramics, and finally, lithium batteries. In particular, lithium is and will continue to play an increasingly important role in the battery-powered clean air future. Lithium batteries are widely used in portable consumer electronic devices, and in electric vehicles ranging from full sized vehicles to radio controlled toys. The term “lithium battery” refers to a family of different lithium-metal chemistries, comprising many types of cathodes and electrolytes but all with metallic lithium as the anode.
The greatest commercial use of the element is the production of sulfuric acid for sulfate and phosphate fertilizers, and other chemical processes. Sulfur is increasingly used as a component of fertilizers. The most important form of sulfur for fertilizer is the mineral calcium sulfate. The element sulfur is used in matches, insecticides, and fungicides. Many sulfur compounds are odoriferous, and the smells of odorized natural gas, skunk scent, grapefruit, and garlic are due to organosulfur compounds.
Lithium and Sulfur – Comparison in Table
|Density||0.535 g/cm3||1.96 g/cm3|
|Ultimate Tensile Strength||1.5 MPa||N/A|
|Young’s Modulus of Elasticity||4.9 GPa||N/A|
|Brinell Hardness||5 MPa||N/A|
|Melting Point||180.5 °C||112.8 °C|
|Boiling Point||1342 °C||444.7 °C|
|Thermal Conductivity||85 W/mK||0.269 W/mK|
|Thermal Expansion Coefficient||46 µm/mK||— µm/mK|
|Specific Heat||3.6 J/g K||0.71 J/g K|
|Heat of Fusion||3 kJ/mol||1.7175 kJ/mol|
|Heat of Vaporization||145.92 kJ/mol||45 kJ/mol|