This article contains comparison of key thermal and atomic properties of carbon and chlorine, two comparable chemical elements from the periodic table. It also contains basic descriptions and applications of both elements. Carbon vs Chlorine.
Carbon and Chlorine – About Elements
Carbon and Chlorine – Applications
The major economic use of carbon other than food and wood is in the form of hydrocarbons, most notably the fossil fuel methane gas and crude oil (petroleum). Graphite and diamonds are two important allotropes of carbon that have wide applications. The uses of carbon and its compounds are extremely varied. It can form alloys with iron, of which the most common is carbon steel. Carbon is a non-metallic element, which is an important alloying element in all ferrous metal based materials. Carbon is always present in metallic alloys, i.e. in all grades of stainless steel and heat resistant alloys. Carbon is a very strong austenitizer and increases the strength of steel. In fact, it is the principal hardening element and is essential to the formation of cementite, Fe3C, pearlite, spheroidite, and iron-carbon martensite. Adding a small amount of non-metallic carbon to iron trades its great ductility for the greater strength. Graphite is combined with clays to form the ‘lead’ used in pencils used for writing and drawing. It is also used as a lubricant and a pigment, as a molding material in glass manufacture, in electrodes for dry batteries and in electroplating and electroforming, in brushes for electric motors and as a neutron moderator in nuclear reactors. Charcoal has been used since earliest times for a large range of purposes including art and medicine, but by far its most important use has been as a metallurgical fuel. Carbon fibers are used where low weight, high stiffness, high conductivity, or where the look of the carbon fiber weave desired.
Chlorine is used in the manufacture of a wide range of consumer products, about two-thirds of them organic chemicals such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), many intermediates for the production of plastics, and other end products which do not contain the element. As a common disinfectant, elemental chlorine and chlorine-generating compounds are used more directly in swimming pools to keep them sanitary. While perhaps best known for its role in providing clean drinking water, chlorine chemistry also helps provide energy-efficient building materials, electronics, fiber optics, solar energy cells, 93 percent of life-saving pharmaceuticals, 86 percent of crop protection compounds, medical plastics, and much more.
Carbon and Chlorine – Comparison in Table
|Density||2.26 g/cm3||0.0032 g/cm3|
|Ultimate Tensile Strength||15 MPa (graphite); 3500 MPa (carbon fiber)||N/A|
|Young’s Modulus of Elasticity||4.1 GPa (graphite); 228 GPa (carbon fiber)||N/A|
|Mohs Scale||0.8 (graphite)||N/A|
|Melting Point||4099 °C||-101 °C|
|Boiling Point||4527 °C||-34.6 °C|
|Thermal Conductivity||129 W/mK||0.0089 W/mK|
|Thermal Expansion Coefficient||0.8 µm/mK||N/A|
|Specific Heat||0.71 J/g K||0.48 J/g K|
|Heat of Fusion||N/A||3.23 kJ/mol|
|Heat of Vaporization||355.8 kJ/mol||10.2 kJ/mol|